Long Range Outlook: Closing Out October

Jonathan Carr
By Jonathan Carr October 6, 2015 12:03

Long Range Outlook: Closing Out October

It’s time to harness the WeatherTrends360 proprietary weather algorithms for a look at the rest of October. But first lets break New Jersey into proper climatological regions. We have the upper elevations of NNJ/NWNJ, the interior coastal plain (SWNJ through CNJ and into NENJ), and the coastal regions (most of SENJ). I’ll be representing each climatological region with a 28-day graph from weathertrends360 data followed by a brief discussion. Please keep in mind that these algorithms are documented with an 84% verification rate and are based on oceanic water cycles and time table series.

Higher Elevations of NNJ/NWNJ

(Sussex, Warren, Hunterdon, Morris, N. Somerset, and N. Passaic) – Known for little to no Atlantic Ocean influence, colder-snowier winters, and drier conditions in general when compared to the coast. This region is known to get hot when high pressure sits overhead during the summer and bitterly cold during Arctic outbreaks in the winter.

nnj

Discussion: The general trend for the first half of October looks like a roller coaster of temperatures with highs ranging from upper-50s to lower-70s. Rainfall appears to be minimal with lots of sun. Only a few days here and there of showers. The second half of October looks cooler and rather wet overall. I wouldn’t expect rain every day but definitely above-average precipitation in general. Highs should struggle to break 60 as we approach November. Overnight lows could threaten a frost a few nights in the first half of the month and especially the second half.

Interior Coastal Plain from SWNJ-CNJ-NENJ

(Salem, Gloucester, Camden, W. Burlington, Mercer, W. Monmouth, Middlesex, Union, Essex, Hudson, Bergen, and S. Passaic) – Known for naturally higher temperatures due to lower elevations away from the oceanic influence. This region is also known as “heat island” due to transportation (I-95 corridor), smog, abundant asphalt, concrete, and other man-made substances that naturally absorb and retain heat moreso than natural protected land.

cnj

Discussion: The general trend for the first half of October looks like a roller coaster of temperatures with highs ranging from upper-60s to mid-70s. Rainfall appears to be minimal with lots of sun. Only a few days here and there of showers. The second half of October looks cooler and rather wet overall. I wouldn’t expect rain every day but definitely above-average precipitation in general. Highs should struggle to break 65 as we approach November and might have trouble breaking 60 around the Halloween period. Overnight lows could threaten a frost a few nights in the first half of the month and especially the second half.

Coastal Regions of SENJ

(Cumberland, Cape May, Atlantic, E. Burlington, Ocean, and E. Monmouth) – Known for tremendous influence from the Atlantic Ocean. Oceanic influence keeps this zone cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter than the interior coastal plain and especially the higher elevations of NWNJ. This forms a micro-climate that only local inhabitants and frequent visitors are familiar with.

snj

Discussion: The general trend for the first half of October looks like a roller coaster of temperatures with highs ranging from mid-to-upper 60s to mid-to-upper 70s. Rainfall appears to be minimal with lots of sun. Only a few days here and there of showers. The second half of October looks cooler and rather wet overall. I wouldn’t expect rain every day but definitely above-average precipitation in general. Highs should struggle to break 70 as we approach November and might have trouble breaking 60 around the Halloween period. Overnight lows could threaten a frost a few nights in the first half of the month and especially the second half.

Summary: We’re warmer and dry for the first half of October and cooler and wet the second half.

Tropical activity is the unforeseen caveat which cannot be detected until about 7-10 days from formation using global model guidance. We’re beyond peak hurricane season but we shouldn’t let our guard down until the season winds down in early November. What’s also very possible is a nor’easter or two this time of year, especially with the developing El Nino. Should a late season hurricane or classic October nor’easter happen, I’ll be on it immediately. Otherwise, a pretty run-of-mill October is predicted. Be safe! JC

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Jonathan Carr
By Jonathan Carr October 6, 2015 12:03

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